After choosing and planting your desired variety of bamboo, whether it be a clump form or a running variety the maintenance is essentially the same. Do nothing for the first three years. After the initial establishment stage remove the three year old and older canes at the ground.Take care to over thin the plant as it creates its own shade for optimal growth. Care should also be given to hedging bamboo. Remove the tops to create the hedge at a desired height. Do not remove all the foliage from a cane you don’t intend to remove as it will most likely die.
To maintain a running variety prune out the canes along the edges of the grove. (A mower will help maintain new growth.) Consider using a barrier. A metal, concrete or other impenetrable material buried 20-24” into the soil will aid in localized containment of bamboo.
Your greatest benefit from maintaining you bamboo is all the new bamboo stakes you will get! The uses for this bamboo is only limited to your imagination. Stakes, trellises, and even fencing. My kids love playing in the bamboo, a regular backyard jungle!